Science and diplomacy

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Ittelson, Pavlina
Mauduit, Jean-Christophe
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Science and technology (S&T) extends the diploma tic agenda beyond traditional issues that diplomats have been addressing for centuries. Cybersecurity, artificial intelligence (AI), and biotechnology, to name a few, are becoming essential for furthering the national economy, security, and overall well-being and prosperity. In addressing these challenges, countries are developing new diplomatic approaches and techniques, such as establishing an active presence in innovation hubs worldwide. This report focuses on how diplomatic services engage with research, academic, and business actors in the Greater Boston area (hereinafter Boston), Massachusetts, USA. Boston is historically the center of academia in the United States, and since World War II has developed into one of the country’s main scientific and innovation hubs. In recent years, many governments have chosen to expand their existing outposts in the city while others have made the decision to establish a Boston presence, in an effort to help ensure their future prosperity and stability, and to anticipate the policy implications of the latest science, technology, and innovation (STI) developments. This report provides an overall analysis of how diplomacy interacts with the Boston STI ecosystem and focuses on the practical applications thereof. The identified models of representation include consular representation, networks of science and innovation outposts, and various ways of embedding science attachés within the Boston STI ecosys tem, as well as their agenda. The report outlines how results, successes, and failures are measured. It also addresses and identifies possible areas for capacity development and training of these representatives. It should be particularly useful for countries, especially developing ones, which are planning to establish a presence in Boston.