Internet, diversity and cyber peace in Indonesian Contemporary Diplomacy

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University of Malta; DiploFoundation
Cyber security is a challenge to development in economic, social and political sectors for the conduct of contemporary diplomacy. Within the Indonesian context, cyber conflicts based on race, ethnicity and religion are increasingly occurring, which affect national security both in online and offline spaces. In the global context, terrorism and Islam phobia are increasing both in online and offline spaces. Several incidents have occurred in France, United States of America (USA) and other countries. Managing cyber security for a state is a very complex issue. It needs several approaches: technical skills in Information and Communication Technology (ICT) security, law enforcement, and social and political analysis to implement national cyber security mechanisms. This paper provides research and analysis on the potential of ICT for positive change as the medium of cultural diplomacy in promoting local wisdom for peace and diversity. This can be implemented by state and non-state actors. The aim is to overcome negative content, which provokes and expands conflict based on ethnicity, race and religion in Indonesia. It appears that most developing countries, such as Indonesia, are having difficulties in managing the technical aspects of cyber security. For example, there is a lack of skills in ICT literacy and security, both in state and non-state actors. There is also a problem with the enforcement of laws. In addition to the technical and regulation approach, the paper suggests the strengthening of national cyber security mechanisms in Indonesia with a social and cultural approach, “glocalization” (think global and act local), by using local wisdom that promotes peace and diversity to create Internet norms that will be an effective framework to build cyber peace for 21st century diplomacy in Indonesia.